To complement the innate curiosity, creativity and intelligence of children, the Montessori curriculum is highly enriched and challenging to cultivate human potential, nurture spontaneous curiosity, and inspire a sense of wonder.
Early Childhood (Preschool)
Practical life exercises foster independence, self-control, self-confidence, and self-esteem. These exercises provide inviting opportunities for movement that assist in the control and refinement of both gross and fine motor skills. They also teach sequencing and logic.
Practical Life exercises foster concentration since the cooperation of the body, hands, eyes and mind are required. The child learns to care for self, for others, and for the environment.
In the Early Childhood classroom, there are broad ranges of activities that fall into the Practical Life curriculum. These activities include exercises as simple of putting one’s work away, to sweeping or washing a table, to getting oneself ready for recess, and pour one’s own drink for snack.
Sensorial materials enable the child to form clear concepts of dimensions. For example, size discrimination by using cylinder blocks and shape by using the geometric solids. They enable the child through sight, touch, smell and sound the ability to clarify, classify, and comprehend the world around him. Sensorial development is critical in establishing a firm foundation of concrete reference to later build upon more abstract concepts.
In a Montessori classroom, the child receives preparation for language all around him. Through Practical Life activities the child prepares by working with tools that refine gross and fine motor skills. These activities develop strength and coordination of hand so that the child has the control and dexterity to hold and manipulate a writing instrument. Sensorial work gives the child an opportunity to train the eye to discriminate similarities and differences thus preparing for phonemic awareness, and visual discrimination of shapes and forms prepares him for reading.
Development of oral Language begins by giving the young child the opportunity to work with objects of everyday life. Discussions, storytelling and poetry are used to guide comprehension.
Early preparation of the Mathematical Mind is achieved through manipulating concrete materials. Exercises include sequencing, number recognition, number quantity and progress through the function and facts of the math operations. The Sensorial and Practical Life exercises have prepared the child with sense of order co-ordination, concentration and focus.
Children assemble the world puzzle map of oceans and continents. They learn to identify land and water forms through combining water with land formations. The biome puzzle maps define elements of culture and animals of the world.
The children are made aware of time as it is lived throughout the year with changing seasons, their lifetime line and cultural celebrations.
Children explore simple concepts like absorption, sink/float, states of matter, and balance through hands on activities and experiments.
Children care for plants and animals in their environment. Zoology and Botany puzzles, matching card work and examples of the plants and animals give the children the opportunity to learn the parts.